Ranked ballots are a small, simple change that will make a big impact on Toronto’s elections by making them more fair, inclusive, and friendly. This one-page resource explains how, and also offers a brief explanation of how ranked ballot voting works.
Ever wondered how a ranked ballot election works? This one-page resource explains how, including how ballots are marked, how they are counted in the first round, how votes are re-allocated in subsequent rounds if a voter's first choice candidate is eliminated, and how the winner of the election is determined.
Ranked ballots are a tried and tested method of voting that have been used for more than 100 years. Mathematicians have studied the theoretical and real-world effects of using every conceivable form of voting. The conclusion is that by allowing voters to select their most preferred candidates, ranked ballots can eliminate strategic voting.
The principle of "one person, one vote" is integral to any voting system. Ranked ballots uphold this principle. In fact, ranked ballots offer a dramatic improvement over first-past-the-post in safeguarding this principle, which is why political parties use ranked ballots to elect their own leaders.
Ranked ballots uphold the principle of majority rule and provide more genuine voter choice than the current system. By earning more than 50% of the overall vote, the winning candidate under ranked ballots demonstrates that they are the candidate with the most support and therefore the real winner in a truly democratic contest.
Ranked ballots produce results that are more representative of a city's diversity than the current first-past-the-post (FPTP) voting system. Ranked ballots have shown their potential to gradually increase ethnic, racial and political diversity in addition to boosting female representation in government, by encouraging more female and minority candidates to seek office and by empowering diverse communities.
Some conservative voices in Toronto who are in favour of ranked ballots and instant runoff voting.
General Information About Ranked Ballots/Instant Runoff Voting
Electoral Reform Society • Instant Runoff Voting (Note: they call it "Alternative Vote")
123Ontario • A network of municipal voting reform campaigns across the province
Unlock Democracy • A national campaign for proportional representation
ACE Electoral Knowledge Network • An online knowledge repository about elections around the world